Zip’s blog is coming along. He’s written a post to replace the default WordPress “Hello World,” post, and he’s added a few basic pages. Time to add some more structure to his website — categories. Adding categories in WordPress is something you can do “on the fly” as you write a post, but it’s a good idea to consider in advance a structure for your categories. That way, you’ll avoid ending up with a disorganized mess.
Adding Categories in WordPress: How-To
Let’s look at how to add categories in WordPress as Zip adds some categories to his blog.
The Categories Page
You’ll see an area to the left where you can add all the information for your category.
The slug needs to be lowercase and separated by dashes.
Use None for a top-level category or use the dropdown to choose a top-level category if you want to add a subcategory. You can further break down subcategories in the same way.
For instance, Zip added a category called “Awesome Sloth Merchandise” as a top-level category. As subcategories, he might add clothing, books, housewares, and so forth. Under clothing he might even add further subcategories of hats, t-shirts, socks, and so on.
And you can add a description to your category — this may or may not be shown on the category archives page on your website depending on your theme, though you can customize your category page if you want it to show the category and it doesn’t by default.
Save it, and your category is entered.
Adding a New Category
On the right, you’ll note a list of your categories with their descriptions and slugs. If you hover over one of them, you’ll see some links beneath them where you can edit the category, do a “quick edit,” which doesn’t open the entire category editing page but lets you quickly edit the category name and slug, delete the category, or view the category on the front end of your website.
When you first install WordPress, you’ll have a category called “uncategorized.” That one stays as a fallback in case a post doesn’t get a category designated.
Adding Tags in WordPress
The good news is that adding tags in WordPress looks pretty much the same as adding categories. Go to Posts>Tags, and you’ll find the tag interface looks the same as your category interface.
You can add some tags right away as well. However, I generally (unless I get lazy, which I quite often do with my own blogs) add a category structure first and then add tags as I write posts.
Zip Adds Some Categories
So, Zip adds some categories for some preliminary structure. If he wants, he’ll be able to add these categories to his menu later.
He thinks about what he might want to include on his website and adds a structure somewhat like this:
- Be the Sloth
- Hanging Around
- Slowing Down
- All About Sloths
- Sloth facts
- Sloths in the Media
- Movie Sloths
- TV Sloths
- Sloths of the Internet
- Awesome Sloth merchandise
- Sloth Clothing
- Sweatshirts and Hoodies
- Sloth Books
- Book Reviews
- Sloth Clothing
- Sloth Arts and Crafts
- Drawing and Painting Sloths
- The Deadly Sin
- My Blogging Adventures
- Blog News
Zip can add some additional categories as he writes if he finds he is adding something that doesn’t fit or wants to break down a topic into even more specific subcategories.
That wasn’t too long or complicated. Next up? Let’s add SSL to Slothverse.com.
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